Diagnosis of mesothelioma is very difficult because the symptoms or signs of this disease are hard to notice easily. The common signs of this cancer may be fatigue,anemia,shortness of breath, chest pain, weight loss,difficulty in swallowing(dysphagia),coughing up blood,fluid build up, muscle pain and bowel obstruction. In the early stage extreme tiredness and pain surrounding the tumour can be a common symptom for malignant mesothelioma. In the later stage the pain will be more prominent and it requires the patient to consult the doctor.In the early stage of this disease the symptoms are most common ones and the doctors can be subtled to any other illness. The symptoms are little different for the types of mesothelioma. By the time one identifies warning signs, the cancer often has spread, making it difficult for doctors to treat. Early recognition of symptoms of the type makes it easier for treatment. If the patient has been exposed to asbestos , finding symptoms are easier and they could be confirmed by particular tests pertaining to mesothelioma, afterwhich curative therapies are performed on the patient. This can help the patient to survive more years.The signs and symptoms like weight loss, bowel obstruction and loss of appetite are match for all cancers. However, the various types and subtypes of asbestos related cancer is different.
SYMPTOMS OF MESOTHELIOMA BY TYPE
Symptoms of Pleural mesothelioma cancer
Chest Pain, lower back pain, fever , shortness of breath, reduced chest expansion, faint or harsh breathing sound, dry cough or wheezing, build-up of fluid between the layers of pleura are the common symptoms of pleural mesothelioma. At the time of diagnosis the exact stage of the cancer is determined carefully to study how far the illness has progressed. The impact of the cancer progressed is directly proportional to the life expectancy of the patient. When symptoms are unknown or hidden the patients are at the risk of 3rd or 4th stage where the growth of cancer will be more making it very difficult to cure. Earlier the diagnosis, better the prognosis. A study of 2011 shows 221 patients with pleural mesothelioma and having the following symptoms:
Chronic cough – 36%
Chest pain – 64%
Pleural effusions – 90%
Weight loss – 30%
Shortness of breath – 79%
The signals generally appear after 20 to 30 years after asbestos exposure . For example if a person with mesothelioma has been inhaling asbestos material at work area for 20 years, the symptoms emerges in small at around 45 to 50 years of age. Few people are diagnosed with disorder because it emerges in a very peculiar and subtle way. Studies show that decades-long latency period is unique from other mesothelioma types. It is shorter in peritoneal mesothelioma when compare to pleural. The small signals are unnoticeable until 20 to 50 years after exposure to asbestos. All of these types develop after decades of asbestos exposure. Most of the patients are diagnosed when a tumor appears in the tissue membrane. Sadly, this stage is found be III or IV and are critical to treat. Some of the studies say that women have long latency period than men. The early symptoms are not an easy thing to detect.
(Many patients don’t experience the early symptoms. They only seek medical suggestion when symptoms aggravate. Nowadays most of the mesothelioma research involves finding better ways to secure an earlier diagnosis, and effective treatment. There is considerable support for early screening for those with prolonged, occupational exposure to asbestos). People with mesothelioma have been misdiagnosed initially with pneumonia, bronchial infection and COPD.
Symptoms of Peritoneal Mesothelioma
Weight loss, abdominal distention, hernias, loss of appetite, feeling of fullness, abdominal swelling / tenderness, fatigue, abdominal fluid buildup, bowel obstruction are the common symptoms of Peritoneal mesothelioma. This develops in the internal part of the abdomen, that is, the thick lining surrounding the cavity of the abdomen. In 20 percent of cases the symptoms arises with a loss of appetite and it results in weight loss, or fluid build up and abdominal hernias. In some cases the signs of stomach pains, abdominal swelling, a feeling of fullness and tiredness and bowel obstruction. All these symptoms signal the progression of any mass tissue or formation of tumors beyond the original location.
In a 2009 study reported with the following symptoms:
Patients experienced mild seizures – 10%
Patients experienced weight loss / decreased appetite – 69%
Patients developed ascites – 77%
Symptoms of Pericardial Mesothelioma
This type of Mesothelioma is one of the rarest form of asbestos related cancer, which develops in the lining all over the heart. Symptoms are shortness of breath and chest pains. They originate from thickening of the pericardium, the lining all over the heart.
Symptoms of Testicular Mesothelioma
A lump or bulge can be seen in the testes is the only sign of this type. This is the rarest of all types, associated with pain and discomfort.